学術雑誌論文 Practical method for determination of air kerma by use of an ionization chamber toward construction of a secondary X-ray field to be used in clinical examination rooms

Maehata, Itsumi  ,  Hayashi, Hiroaki  ,  Kimoto, Natsumi  ,  Takegami, Kazuki  ,  Okino, Hiroki  ,  Kanazawa, Yuki  ,  Tominaga, Masahide

9 ( 2 )  , pp.193 - 201 , 2016-03-18 , Springer Japan
ISSN:1865033318650341
NII書誌ID(NCID):AA12236881
内容記述
We propose a new practical method for the construction of an accurate secondary X-ray field using medical diagnostic X-ray equipment. For accurate measurement of the air kerma of an X-ray field, it is important to reduce and evaluate the contamination rate of scattered X-rays. To determine the rate quantitatively, we performed the following studies. First, we developed a shield box in which an ionization chamber could be set at an inner of the box to prevent detection of the X-rays scattered from the air. In addition, we made collimator plates which were placed near the X-ray source for estimation of the contamination rate by scattered X-rays from the movable diaphragm which is a component of the X-ray equipment. Then, we measured the exposure dose while changing the collimator plates, which had diameters of 25–90 mmϕ. The ideal value of the exposure dose was derived mathematically by extrapolation to 0 mmϕ. Tube voltages ranged from 40 to 130 kV. Under these irradiation conditions, we analyzed the contamination rate by the scattered X-rays. We found that the contamination rates were less than 1.7 and 2.3 %, caused by air and the movable diaphragm, respectively. The extrapolated value of the exposure dose has been determined to have an uncertainty of 0.7 %. The ionization chamber used in this study was calibrated with an accuracy of 5 %. Using this kind of ionization chamber, we can construct a secondary X-ray field with an uncertainty of 5 %.
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http://repo.lib.tokushima-u.ac.jp/files/public/11/110812/20170929142535505655/rpt_9_2_193.pdf

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