Departmental Bulletin Paper 配偶子提供の意思決定に関連する心理要因についての検討 : 大学生を対象として

佐々木, 直美

11pp.11 - 17 , 2018-02-28 , 山口県立大学
ISSN:2189-4825
Description
本研究では、精子・卵子提供を受けるかどうかの意思決定に至る心理要因を検討するため、大学生を対象として調査を行った。この検討により、精子・卵子提供を考えている人々に対して、心理援助者がカウンセリングを行う際の心構えを知ることが出来ると考えたためである。調査より得られた自由記述を内容分析を用いて検討した。その結果、「提供を受ける」の決意に至る場合、【おなかを痛める、おなかで育てるという女性性の確認】、【どうしても自分の子どもが欲しい】、【残された妊娠、出産の可能性の挑戦】、【対象者の利益、保護のため】といった心理要因がみられた。また【夫婦や夫婦の両親による納得、同意が必要】とは感じていたが、【子どもと向き合う親としての覚悟と強い決意】、【子どもを愛し育てる自信】について自分には「ある」と感じており、【血のつながりに関する気がかり】、【養子をもらう、他のことに打ち込むなどの選択肢】については「ない」と感じていた。このことから、妊娠を目指している間や妊娠中は、対象者はさほど心配事を心配事として感じられないかもしれない。しかし出産後や子どもの成長につれて、テリングをどうするかということや親子関係に関してなど悩む時がくるかもしれない。よって、相談窓口や支援者はかなり長期的な支援を念頭においておくことが重要であると考える。
In the present study, it was surveyed of psychological factors related to the decision making whether to receive the Sperm-Egg donation, using data from university students. From this research,it is thought that the mind of people who think about receiving the Sperm-Egg donation can be understood, and that it is useful for the counseling with them.The content analyses of free descriptions were done in the present study. As a result, when the decision to receive the Sperm-Egg donation was done, the following factors were clarified, “the identification of the femininity that grow hurt her own womb”,“the aspiration of wanting their own child by all means”,“the challenge of pregnancy and birth to few remaining possibility”, and “for benefits and the protection related to their own”.Moreover, when the survey participants decided to receive the Sperm-Egg donation, the following features were revealed.That is, they felt that the consent and the agreement concerning the Sperm-Egg donation by married couple and married couple's parents were necessary, they felt that there was“ a resolution of as a parent contact firmly with” and“ a confidence to love and to rise” their children, they felt that there was no concern about the ties of blood, and they felt there were no choices such as“ getting the adoptive” and“ devoting to other things”.From present study, the participants who had done the decision to receive the Sperm-Egg donation found that might not concerned so much with respect to receive the Sperm-Egg donation, during pregnancy or trying to get pregnancy.However, it is thought that parents might come to worry about the problem of Telling (Tell the Truth) and parent-child relationships after the child birth and the child's growing up.Therefore, it is important to consider the possibility that the consulting and counseling support is needed over a long duration in the future.
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http://ypir.lib.yamaguchi-u.ac.jp/yp/file/1477/20180522141317/02.nursing_SASAKI.pdf

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