Departmental Bulletin Paper 大学生における歯科口腔保健に関する自己管理能力と過去に受けた歯科保健教育の関連性

新開, 奏恵  ,  宮本, 恵子  ,  李, 草  ,  山本, 倫也  ,  人見, 英里  ,  吉村, 耕一  ,  横山, 正博

9pp.153 - 163 , 2016-03-31 , 山口県立大学
Although an inference can be presented that dental health education and experiences in one’s childhood at school or home have an impact on stabilization of dental self-care competency, few researches have been published. This study investigated correlation between dental health education and experiences in childhood and present dental self-care competency by a questionnaire aimed at 333 university students. Out of 250 valid responses, 75.5% students were brushing their teeth after a meal regularly, but it was only 4.8% of them to have regular dental check-ups. In their childhood, 84.0% were encouraged to do tooth brushing at home and 61.2% had their teeth cleaned up by their family. The correlation between these results and their present dental habits was not significant, however, their experience at home of having regular dental check-ups and fluorine application, as well as having been disciplined with snack taking habit showed a certain correlation with their present dental habits particularly of having regular check-ups and their daily diet. Among questionnaire items concerning school education, many of the students have had dental check-ups and referred to medical advice given in newsletters by school nurse’s office, resulting in significantly high percentage of 92.4 and 91.2 respectively for primary educational setting. A correlation was observed between these two and present dental habits of brushing teeth after every meal and mirroring oral cavity to check. The encouragement of post-meal brushing at elementary school, which 65.2% of them had experienced, not only influenced their habit of regular post-meal brushing but had correlated with their dietary habits. These results suggest that dental health education and experiences in one’s childhood at home or school has some influence on one’s present dental self-care competency even after they have grown up to the age of university.

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