The American Working-Class Studies: Its History and Future Prospects
Since the 1990s, some anthologies and critical studies on American working-class literature have been published, including Laura Hapke’s Labor’s Text: The Worker in American Fiction （2001）and Growing Up Poor: A Literary Anthology （2002）edited by Robert Coles and Randy Testa. Nicholas Coles and Janet Zandy also published American Working-Class Literature: An Anthology （2007）.These publications coincide with the rise in the academic fields of American working-class ｓstudies, which can be attributed to the fact that more and more American citizens grew frustrated with the economic inequalities. The people’s longing for a more democratic economic system are reflected into the two bestsellers in the early 2000s, Barbara Ehrenreich’s Nickel and Dimed: On （Not）Getting by in America（2001）and David K. Shipler’s The Working Poor: Invisible in America （2004）. The entire social tendencies paved the way for the active social protests of anti-globalism, including Occupy Wall Street in 2011. In this paper, I will focus on the American working-class studies and the history of its development. In the course of analysis, I will also estimate its future prospect by examining how the studies of working-class and its literature influence and change the course of the modern society.