Thesis or Dissertation Smoking bans in mental health hospitals in Japan: barriers to implementation.
日本の精神科病院における禁煙状況と禁煙化への障壁についての考察

Hashimoto, Kazumichi  ,  Makinodan, Manabu  ,  Matsuda, Yasuhiro  ,  Morimoto, Tsubasa  ,  Ueda, Shotaro  ,  Kishimoto, Toshifumi  ,  橋本, 和典  ,  牧之段, 学  ,  松田, 康裕  ,  盛本, 翼  ,  上田, 昇太郎  ,  岸本, 年史

14p.35(Arthicle Number) , 2015-10-29 , BioMed Central
ISSN:1744859X
NCID:AA12050158
Description
BACKGROUND: A number of studies have reported that smoking rates are higher and smoking cessation rates are lower in patients with mental disorders than in the general population. Despite the harmful effects of smoking, implementing total smoking bans in mental health hospitals is difficult. We investigate the status of smoking bans and the barriers to the implementation of total smoking bans in Japanese mental health hospitals. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was administered to the directors of 1242 Japanese mental health hospitals in March 2013. RESULTS: Forty-nine percent (n = 612) of the hospital directors responded. Of these, 24 % implemented total smoking bans and 14 % limited the bans to hospital buildings. In 66 and 68 % of the remaining hospitals, smoking rooms were located in open and closed wards, respectively, and completely separate from nonsmoking areas. Hospitals that had not implemented total smoking bans were concerned that introducing a total ban would exacerbate patients' psychiatric symptoms (46 %) or increase the incidence of surreptitious smoking (65 %). However, of the hospitals that had implemented total smoking bans, only 2 and 30 % identified "aggravation of psychiatric symptoms" and "increased surreptitious smoking" as disadvantages, respectively. The other concerns regarding the implementation of total smoking bans were staff opposition (21 %) and incidence of smoking around hospital grounds (46 %). These concerns were overcome by educating staff about smoking and cleaning the area around the hospital. CONCLUSIONS: There are some barriers to implementing total smoking bans in Japanese mental health hospitals. However, our study indicates that implementation of total smoking bans in mental health hospitals was minimally problematic and that barriers to the implementation of smoking bans could be overcome. As the current number of hospitals that have implemented total smoking bans is low in Japan, more hospitals should introduce total smoking bans.
博士(医学)・乙第1376号・平成28年3月15日
Copyright © 2015 Hashimoto et al. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium,provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license,and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
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