||The CD38 genotype (rs1800561 (4693C>T): R140W) is associated with an increased risk of admission to the neonatal intensive care unit.
CD38 genotype (rs1800561 (4693C > T): R140W)は新生児集中治療室への入院のリスク増加に関連する
Enami, Nobuko ,
Itaya-Hironaka, Asako ,
Yamauchi, Akiyo ,
Sakuramoto-Tsuchida, Sumiyo ,
Takasawa, ShinTakahashi, Yukihiro
470 , 2015-08 , Elsevier
BACKGROUNDS:Preterm birth (PTB)/admission to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is a complex disorder associated with significant neonatal mortality and morbidity and long-term adverse health consequences. Multiple lines of evidence suggest that genetic factors play an important role in its etiology.AIM:Given the role of CD38 in term delivery through oxytocin (OXT) release, we hypothesized that OXT signaling may play a role in the etiology of PTB/admission to the NICU. This study was designed to identify genetic variation in the CD38-oxytocin pathway associated with PTB/admission to the NICU.METHODS:To identify common genetic variants predisposing individuals to PTB/admission to the NICU, we genotyped two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the CD38-oxytocin pathway in 63 case mothers, 55 control mothers, and 188 female volunteers in Nara Medical University Hospital, Japan.RESULTS:Maternal genetic effect analysis of the SNP genotype data revealed a significant association between an SNP in CD38 (rs1800561 (4693C>T): R140W), which was reported to be correlated with diabetes and autism, and the risk of NICU admission. On the other hand, an SNP in the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) (rs2254298) showed no correlation with the risk of NICU admission.CONCLUSION:Our study points to an association between maternal common polymorphisms in the CD38 (rs1800561) gene in Japanese women and susceptibility to PTB/admission to the NICU. Future studies with larger sample sizes are needed to confirm the findings of this study.
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