Departmental Bulletin Paper Work Ethic in a Japanese Museum Environment : A Case Study of the National Museum of Ethnology
日本の博物館環境における労働倫理の研究 : 国立民族学博物館を事例として

Alex, De Voogt  ,  Shimpei, Ota  ,  Jonas W. B., Lang  ,  デ=ヴート, アレックス  ,  太田, 心平  ,  ラング, ジョーナス・W・B

42 ( 4 )  , pp.435 - 448 , 2018-06-14 , 国立民族学博物館 , National Museum of Ethnology
Museums are organizations that, depending on their size, each have a uniquecombination of workers. Typically included are employees whose duties are concernedwith visitors, the public raison d’être of a museum. Collections and exhibitsrequire academically trained specialists while the organization as a whole needsadministrators and managerial staff. In addition, there are possible for-profit activities,such as museum shops and restaurants, in an otherwise mostly non-profitenvironment. This situation may be further complicated by volunteer, temporary,part-time, long-term or even tenured contracts for the people involved.The unique and complex combination of workers of a museum is commonlyhoused in a singular building, a space in which all people may interact or encountereach other daily. As a result of the organic relationships among all staff members,the organization is still a whole, i.e., a museum, and not a combination of unrelatedpractices.When employees of organizations are studied within management or organizationalpsychology disciplines, this diversity among employees is often absent.Non-profit organizations are already less often studied but especially part-time andnon-managerial workers are rarely included in surveys that seek to understand organizationalbehavior (Bergman and Jean 2015).The following study of people working at the National Museum of Ethnology,or Minpaku, a Japanese institution with the largest ethnographic collections inJapan, includes a wide array of employees. They were provided with a one-pagequestionnaire on work ethic to confirm or contrast results from previous researchelsewhere. Where the findings contradict earlier studies, recommendations are madefor future research in which studies on museum organizations can play a pivotal roleto address the needs in fields of management and organizational psychology.

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