Departmental Bulletin Paper 北インドにおける婚資婚再考 : ラージャスターン州西部に暮らすジョーギーの姻戚関係を事例に
Re-Examining the Bride-Wealth Marriage in North India : A Case Study of Affinal Relationships among the Jogis in Western Rajasthan

Ayumi, Nakano  ,  中野, 歩美

42 ( 3 )  , pp.271 - 320 , 2018-02-28 , 国立民族学博物館 , National Museum of Ethnology
This article presents a re-examination of marriage by bride-wealth marginalizedfrom the view of the Brahmanical ideology in northern India, byparticularly addressing marital practices among the Jogis in westernRajasthan. The mode of bride-wealth marriage had been criticized as ‘Asuraform’ under the Brahmanical ideology of Kanyādān, which sets bride as asupreme gift to the groom’s family. Such a perspective has been commonlyaccepted by researchers as well. As described herein, we look at the severalethnographic data on the process of the marriage such as engagement negotiationand the bride-wealth among the Jogis, and deliberate the dynamism ofthe affinal relationship. It indicates that the main practice of bride-wealthcalled saṃbhāl provides the occasion not only for groom’s parents to givebride-wealth but for both parents to cultivate a reliable and friendly relationshipbetween affines( giṇāyat). After the marriage ceremony, their relationshipshifts to become entirely balanced and respectful, where no obligationhas ever been given. As such, Jogis’ mode of constructing the affinal relationshipwhich induces reciprocity as a gift exchange by creating temporaryasymmetry and anew generating an equilibriums and a reliable relationshipthrough saṃbhāl. It is based on the different logic from the Brahmanical‘logic of hierarchy’ associated with denial of reciprocity, which fixes its ownvalue as paramount and others as inferior. We define the Jogis’ mode as the‘logic of equilibrium’.

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