Departmental Bulletin Paper Raute Nepalese Monkey Hunters and their Changing Relations with the Outside World

稲村, 哲也  ,  川本, 芳  ,  チャンドラ カナル, キソル  ,  イナムラ, テツヤ  ,  カワモト, ヨシ  ,  Tetsuya, Inamura  ,  Kishor, Chandra Khanal  ,  Yoshi, Kawamoto

94pp.109 - 122 , 2016-12-08 , 国立民族学博物館 , National Museum of Ethnology
Nomadic foraging people, known as Raute, live in the forest of westernNepal. The Raute economy is comprised of three activities: hunting monkeys,collecting wild plants and making and bartering woodenware.Formerly, they bartered their wooden products with farmers for crops usuallyat a fixed rate, and rarely received money. Recently, however, individual Rautesometimes sell woodenware for cash. They have Also, begun to receive aidmoney from government agencies, NPOs and other groups. As a result, the marketeconomy is penetrating Raute society, and has led to a decline in the traditionalauthority of the Mukiya or leader.Living freely in the forest, the Raute call themselves “kings of the forest”..To avoid conflict with the villagers comprised mainly of farmers, who constitutethe majority population, the Raute hunt only monkeys and no other game, whichare taken by the villagers. The King of Nepal gave the Raute the right to livefreely and use the forest resources. But his reign ended in 2008. Moreover the“community forest” system became much more efficient subsequent to 2006, whenpeace was reached after ten years of Civil war. This has served to increase latentconflicts between the Raute and villagers, and is making it difficult for the Rauteto live freely in the forest. These interrelated political, social and economic factorshave disturbed Raute life and society.This article first describes briefly Raute traditional life. It then examines therapid changes of recent years and analyzes their social background.

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