||Dynamics of Social Changes and Relationships with Neighbors among African Hunter-Gatherers : A Case of the Babongo in Southern Gabon from 2003 to 2012
Matsuura, Naokiマツウラ, ナオキ
Senri Ethnological Studies
226 , 2016-12-08 , 国立民族学博物館 , National Museum of Ethnology
Remarkable social changes have occurred among African hunter-gathererssince the 20th century, influenced by neighboring ethnic groups and variousoutsiders. This article demonstrates the recent social changes and interethnicrelationships of the Babongo, a group of central African hunter-gatherers. Basedon field research data for about 10 years between 2003 and 2012, the authordemonstrates Babongo social change in terms of population dynamics andintermarriage and the response to influences from the outside world, referring tothree events. It is revealed that there are (1) increased migration of young peoplethat promotes the enlargement and establishment of their social networks, (2)increased intermarriage between the Babongo and their neighboring farmers, and(3) drastically changing Babongo livelihoods influenced by outsiders although tieswith the forest are retained.