Departmental Bulletin Paper Transnational Families in a Global Circulation Context : The Case of Cross-border Marriages between Japanese Women and Pakistani Migrants
グローバルな循環という文脈における超国境的な家族 : 日本人女性とパキスタン人移住者との越境結婚の事例から

工藤, 正子  ,  Masako, Kudo

40 ( 1 )  , pp.71 - 84 , 2015-06-12 , 国立民族学博物館 , National Museum of Ethnology
An increase in the number of cross-border marriages since the 1980s hasadded a new element to the growing cultural diversity in Japanese society.This paper focuses on the case of cross-border marriages between Japanesewomen and Pakistani migrants. Following the rapid rise in the number ofPakistani migrants during the late 1980s, the number of marriages betweenthe migrants and local women increased. What are the challenges and dilemmasthese mixed couples face during the process of raising the next generationand how do they try to overcome the difficulties in their given contexts?Of particular importance is the emergence of the transnational familyin which the Japanese wives and their children move to Pakistan or athird country while their Pakistani husbands remain in Japan to continuetheir businesses. This phenomenon exemplifies a form of transnational practicethat emerged in the global circulation context that characterizes the contemporaryworld. The paper sheds light on the processes in which familiesare formed transnationally with attention to the cultural resources utilized insuch processes. The following discussion will first outline some of the basicsocio-economic features observed among the Pakistani community in Japanafter the late 1980s and then explore the differences in the meaning of Islamfor the Pakistani husbands and their Japanese wives. This paper will then goon to examine an emerging pattern of transnational family and explore howthe cultural resources utilized to enable such a form of transnationalism areintertwined with the on-going processes of their identity building.

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