紀要論文 Traditional Healers’ Practices on Traditional Medicine in Rural Senegal Villagers

岩佐, 真也  ,  Maya, Iwasa  ,  Yuko, Ohno

2pp.93 - 104 , 2017-03-01
ISSN:2424-0303
NII書誌ID(NCID):AA12744044
内容記述
This study was conducted to reveal the actual treatment practices provided by traditional healers in Senegal. In addition, a traditional medicine strategy was developed based on the actual situation in rural Senegal. A survey was administered to villagers in rural Senegal to identify the types of traditional healers they visited by examining their healthcare utilization behaviors over the past 3 months. A participatory observation survey was also conducted at the workplaces of five traditional healers who consented to participate in the study and the healers were interviewed about their values. The traditional healers who participated included 1 diviner, 1 marabout, and 3 herbalists. Some were self-employed and others worked at traditional medicine centers. The patients treated by them had chronic diseases. Some traditional healers made a diagnosis and determined a treatment strategy based on a medical interview, whereas others did so by referring to the results of clinical tests using medical devices. In some cases, the healers charged for the treatment, but in other cases, the patients decided how much they would pay for the treatment. They used plants and animals in their treatments. The results of this survey shed some light on how traditional medicine is involved in the lives of Senegalese villagers.
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