The Changes in Sports Facilities and the Cultural Representation of Nara Park:From“ Modernization” to Building the“ Nara Brand”
渡邉, 昌史Masashi, Watanabe
88 , 2017-03-31
Nara Park is located in Nara Prefecture in Japan and represents an image of the ancient capital of Nara. This study discusses changes that were made to the sports facilities constructed in the park and the change of the image of Nara Park. Nara Park was created in 1880 and was affected by a conflict between changes in the times, which require the development of up-to-date facilities, and the park’s ability to serve as a sightseeing attraction, which requires the preservation of its scenery. In 1910, an athletics stadium, tennis courts, and a baseball field were built. In 1928, a swimming pool was constructed and a comprehensive sports facility was added, which gave Nara Park a complete sporting site. Nara Park is set on land that was formerly a temple but, once the sports facility was created, it became a“ modern” public park. In 1988, the“ Nara Silkroad Exposition” was held there. For this event, permission was given to eliminate the“ modern” elements, which referred to the sports park, and to preserve it as an authentic“ ancient city.” Consequently, all of the sports facilities were removed. Through the expulsion of“ modern” elements, the differences between“ modern” and“ the Ancient Capital of Nara” have created the current format of the Nara brand.