Journal Article 災害時保健活動に関する平常時からの体制整備の現状 : 被災経験のある一県内の市町村保健師代表者に対する調査から
The current state of organizational improvements concerning disaster-health operations in times of non-crisis : From a survey of public health nurse representatives from prefectural municipalities that have experienced disasters

坪川, トモ子  ,  奥田, 博子  ,  渡邉, 路子  ,  田辺, 生子  ,  伊豆, 麻子  ,  Tsubokawa, Tomoko  ,  Okuda, Hiroko  ,  Watanabe, Michiko  ,  Tanabe, Seiko  ,  Izu, Asako

11 ( 1 )  , pp.35 - 45 , 2018-03 , 新潟青陵学会
A survey of public health nurses representing municipal health and hygiene departments was conducted. The purpose of the survey was to clearly define the current state of preparedness regarding disaster-related health operations in municipalities and possible related factors. 3 survey items covering organization preparedness were disaster-related health operation manuals, disaster response training, and workshops on disaster-related health operations. 5 survey items covering possible related factors were population size, actual experience of disasters, whether or not victims from neighboring prefectures were received, whether or not disaster-related training was implemented by the public health centers concerned, and whether or not supervising health nurses weredeployed. As a result, 90% of municipalities had prepared manuals, and 50% had created their own original manuals. Regarding disaster response training, the crisis management department of many municipalities had implemented yearly training across all departments, with 2.5% implementing public health nurse training. As for workshops, approximately 4% implemented first-response training. Regarding preparedness and possible related factors, cross-departmental disaster response training and actual experience of disasters were found to be related. In times of crisis, a need for cross-departmental cooperation and comprehensive coordination may be suggested, such as linking with the organization's crisis management department.

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