Journal Article 5歳児のわらべうたの短期記憶再生音声の研究Ⅱ : 音程と基本周波数の関係から見る特徴
An Analysis of Five-Year-Old Children’s Ability to Sing Japanese Children’s Songs from Short-Term Memory Ⅱ : Notes and tone intervals sung by the children vs. correct fundamental frequencies

渡辺, 優子  ,  Watanabe, Yuko

10 ( 1 )  , pp.1 - 8 , 2017-09 , 新潟青陵学会
The purpose of this study was to elucidate some characteristics of 5-year-old children’s ability to reproduce Japanese children’s songs (Warabe-uta) from short-term memory, especially with respect to the accuracy of the notes and tone intervals they sang, as compared to the correct fundamental frequencies. As a result of these comparisons, the following was discovered:1.Where the melody contained intervals of a whole tone or more, the children sometimes mistakenly sang these intervals as two notes of the same pitch instead.2.After finishing one word cluster and beginning a second word cluster, they often started singing the first note of this second cluster either at the same pitch as the last note of the previous cluster, or a whole tone above this last note of the previous cluster.3.One characteristic of warabe-uta songs is that they often end with a falling whole tone followed by a rising whole tone ( D― C―D, for example), and previous studies had suggested that this characteristic ending may help children sing the final note of the song accurately. However, in the present study, even though almost all the children first sang the falling whole tone accurately, only around 60% of them correctly reproduced the subsequent whole-tone rise to the final note, which may have been due to interference from the natural accent of the words as they would have been spoken.4.The children adapted their singing to the words and actions of song, sometimes modifying the notes and singing style to suit these non-melodic elements. It therefore again seemed that their singing was generally influenced by the phonology of the spoken Japanese Lanuage.

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