Journal Article 看護職者用二次的外傷性ストレス尺度の作成および信頼性・妥当性の検討
Development and validation of the Japanese version of the secondary traumatic stress for nursing staff

和田, 由紀子  ,  本間, 昭子  ,  Wada, Yukiko  ,  Honma, Syouko

8 ( 1 )  , pp.1 - 11 , 2015-09 , 新潟青陵学会
This study’s aim was to develop a scale to measure secondary traumatic stress for nursing staff,and to examine its reliability and validity. A mailed questionnaire survey was carried out twice.Survey 1 was distributed to five hundred fifty six nurses from three polyclinic hospitals in the “A”prefecture, with a valid response rate of 60.8%. Survey 2 included 996 nursing staff from 21 generalhospitals nationwide, with a valid response rate of 72.2%. Following analysis of the survey data, a 20-item scale was developed, with three factors, “anxietyand reduced intentionality,” “post-traumatic stress reactions,” and “negative emotional reactions.”The internal consistency and reliability of the scale was analyzed using exploratory factor,reliability, cross-correlation, and item score-total score correlation. Concurrent validity of the scalewas examined by correlation analysis with the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) andJapanese version of the Burnout Scale; construct validity was also verified by examiningdifferences in the scale scores by the group, which was selected based on the level of sympathy forpatients and duration of care provided. Final confirmatory factor analysis indicated fit indices ofCFI = .914 and RMSEA = .092, which met a degree of criteria as the scale. Thus, the SecondaryTraumatic Stress Scale for nursing staff exhibited a degree of reliability and validity.

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