Journal Article Cerebellar Ganglioglioma in Childhood: Histopathologic Implications for Management During Long-term Survival: A Case Report

Ohno, Koyo  ,  Saito, Yoshiaki  ,  Tamasaki-Kondo, Akiko  ,  Kambe, Atsushi  ,  Horie, Yasushi  ,  Kato, Shinsuke  ,  Maegaki, Yoshihiro

60 ( 4 )  , pp.255 - 259 , 2018-02-05 , Tottori University Faculty of Medicine
We report the case of a 19-year-old female with cerebellar ganglioglioma that was diagnosed at 4 years of age. Despite treatment with partial resection, radiation, and chemotherapy, residual tumor slowly expanded into the brainstem and upper cervical cord, resulting in nocturnal hypopnea, progressive tetraparesis, and feeding difficulty during 8–10 years of age. Initiation of temozolomide and bevacizumab was effective in preventing further expansion of the tumor, and the patient has been treated at home and in school with noninvasive positive pressure ventilation and gastrostomy. Histopathologic examination of the resected tumor tissue revealed phospho-S6-positive tumor cells of either neuronal or astroglial appearance. This suggests that a higher proportion of cells of glial lineage could be linked to the progression of cerebellar ganglioglioma in childhood. Possible treatment options with mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors are discussed.

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