Departmental Bulletin Paper Comparative Study of Complications in CV Catheter Insertion for Pediatric Patients: Real-time Ultrasound-guided Versus Venography-guided Approach

Takano, Shuichi  ,  Shimizu, Norio  ,  Tokuyasu, Naruo  ,  Sakamoto, Teruhisa  ,  Honjo, Soichiro  ,  Ashida, Keigo  ,  Saito, Hiroaki  ,  Fujiwara, Yoshiyuki

60 ( 4 )  , pp.234 - 240 , 2018-02-05 , Tottori University Faculty of Medicine
[Background]Tunneled central venous catheters (CVC), called Broviac/Hickman catheter, are widely used in the long-term treatment of pediatric patients. Recently, the percutaneous approach for CVC insertion has become dominant as a less invasive intervention. In this study, we reviewed the mechanical and delayed complications according to different procedures of CVC insertion and assessed the risk factors for complications in CVC insertions for pediatric patients.[Methods]A total of 159 pediatric patients (85 males and 74 females) were included in this study. Primary reasons for indication of CVC settlement were hemato-oncologic disorders (66 cases, 42%), malignant solid tumors (30, 19%) and other benign diseases (63, 40%). CVC insertion was performed with surgical venous cutdown (CD) in 51 patients (32%), with real-time ultrasound-guided puncture (RTUS) in 57 (36%), and venography-guided puncture (VG) in 49 (31%).[Results]CD was dominantly selected and the frequency of venipuncture increased respective to the increased age of patients. RTUS was dominantly selected for one to four year old patients and VG was dominant in 5 to 15 year old patients. Some types of mechanical complication were observed in 4 of 159 (2.5%) and some delayed types were observed in 66 of 159 cases (42%). No mechanical complications occurred in cases with CD and RTUS; on the other hand, 3 (6%) of 49 insertions with VG were observed. However, we could not show any significant risk factors for the mechanical complications. In the meantime, delayed complications and premature removal were significantly observed in patients under 5 years old.[Conclusion]RTUS is superior to our conventional VG considering less frequent mechanical complications. High frequent delayed complication and premature removal should be considered, especially for patients under 5 years old.

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