||エリアーデの戦時体験と苦難の正当化 : 「歴史の恐怖」と死生観の構築【原著論文】
Eliade’s Wartime experience and Normality of suffering : The Formative process of the concept of “Terror of History” and life- and death issue
39 , 2017-03-31 , 北海道生命倫理研究会
History of religions is the discipline studied religions that were related to the life and death of the person deeply from ancient times, and tried to establish methodologies to compare views on the afterlife and the rite of religions. In late years, suggestion based on the religious thought is demanded for the problem that is hard to be settled in the existing medical field, including brain death, organ transplantation and the death with dignity, and it is anticipated that the collaborative investigation with death studies will increase. However, because the death has been studied in the history of religions without always being connected with a medical ethic, there are many types of perspective of death in this discipline. Therefore, it is necessary to clarify in what kind of historic context religious scholars who were greatly concerned with theory establishment of the study considered a problem of the death.Mircea Eliade who is a religious scholar representing the mid-20th century, established a theory of the study at World War II while philosophizing a meaning of the death of the countryman . It’s contemplated that Eliade was going to express it by own words without applying a meaning of the death of the countryman to a theory of the existing study. In this paper, the characteristic of Eliade’s speech over the death and theory of the religions are considered, by using a document during World War II.