||ニューロエンハンスメントの倫理的課題 : ドイツ脳神経倫理学の論点（研究報告）
Research note: Ethical issues about neuroenhancement : A discussion from the perspective of German neuroethics
40 , 2016-03-31 , 北海道生命倫理研究会
This article describes recent developments in the realm of German neuroethics. This research study aims at gaining a new perspective on ethical issues associated with advances in brain science. Recent progress in brain imaging, mainly in the field of psychopharmocology, has put us on the cusp of being able to intervene in the functioning of the brain in order to improve it beyond what is necessary to sustain or restore good health, i.e. neuro-enhancement. There is growing concern about its possible impact on society and indeed the existence of humanity itself. However, where the root cause of the concern lies is not altogether clear. In Germany, a dual approach has been taken in the discussion of the neuro-enhancement issue. In addition to a dispute over possible social impacts of brain boosting technologies, there are newer arguments regarding anthropological implications of psychopharmacological intervention in the brain processes of otherwise healthy individuals. The main ethical challenges created by neuro-enhancement seem to be rooted in the idea of modifying human nature as it is now in order to create a ‘better human’.