||Potential of Stratum Corneum Lipid Liposomes for Screening of Chemical Skin Penetration Enhancers
Sakdiset, Pajaree ,
藤堂, 浩明杉林, 堅次
Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
783 , 2017-08-01 , 日本薬学会
The evaluation of effective skin chemical penetration enhancers (CPEs) is a crucial process in the development of transdermal and dermal formulations with the capacity to overcome the stratum corneum barrier. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the potential of stratum corneum lipid liposomes (SCLLs) as an alternative tool for the screening of various types and concentrations of CPEs. SCLLs were prepared using a thin-film hydration technique, and two types of fluorescent probes (sodium fluorescein [FL] or 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene [DPH] were entrapped separately into SCLLs (FL-SCLL and DPH-SCLL, respectively). FL leakage from SCLLs as well as the fluidity of DPH-SCLLs were determined after incubating with various types of CPEs as a function of their concentrations. The obtained results showed a concentration-dependent relationship for most CPEs both for FL leakage and the fluidity of SCLLs. When observing these data in detail, however, the concentration profiles could be classified into five main categories depending on the mode of action of the CPEs. These results strongly suggest the usefulness of SCLLs for high-throughput screening of effective CPEs as well as the understanding of their possible mode of action, especially in the early stage of skin formulation development.