Journal Article Changes in the physicochemical properties of piperine/?-cyclodextrin due to the formation of inclusion complexes

惠沢, 敏成  ,  井上, 裕  ,  Tunvichien, Sujimon  ,  鈴木, 莉奈  ,  金本, 郁男

2016 ( Article ID 8723139 )  , pp.1 - 9 , 2016 , Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Piperine (PP) is a pungent component in black pepper that possesses useful biological activities, however it is practically insoluble in water. The aim of the current study was to prepare a co-ground mixture (GM) of PP and β-cyclodextrin (βCD) (molar ratio of PP/βCD=1/1) and subsequently evaluate the solubility of PP and physicochemical properties of the GM. DSC thermal behavior of the GM showed the absence of melting peak of piperine. PXRD profile of the GM exhibited halo pattern, no characteristic peaks due to PP and βCD was observed. Based on Job’s plot, the PP/βCD complex in solution had a stoichiometric ratio of 1/1. Raman spectrum of the GM revealed scattering peaks assigned for the benzene ring (C=C), the methylene groups (CH2) and ether groups (C-O-C) of PP that were broaden and shifted to lower frequencies. SEM micrographs showed that particles in the GM were agglomerated and had rough surface, unlike pure PP and pure βCD particles. At 15 min of dissolution testing, the amount dissolved of PP in the GM was dramatically increased (about 16 times) compared to that of pure PP. Moreover the interaction between PP and βCD cavity were detected by 1H-1H NMR nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy NMR spectroscopy.
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