Examine the Relationship between Dynamic Balance and Physical Fitness Tests in Preschool Children
杉浦, 宏季 ,
Sugiura, Hiroki ,
杉本, 寛恵Sugimoto, Hiroe
258 , 2016-07-21
This study examined the relationship between dynamic balance tests and various physical fitness tests in preschool children. The subjects were 22 preschool children (age, 5.0+0.4years; height, 107.3+5.7cm; weight, 17.9+3.4 kg). Dynamic balance was assessed by walking the length of a balance beam several times (beam height, 30cm; width, 10cm; length, 200cm) and walking a pathway (width, 10cm; length, 200cm). Physical fitness was assessed with activities such as a 25-meter run, continuous bilateral hopping, upright hand standing, standing long jump, and catching a ball. Significant moderate or high correlations were found between the dynamic balance tests (r = 0.57), between walking the balance beam and continuous bilateral hopping tests (r = 0.47) and catching a ball tests (r = 0.71), and between walking a pathway and catching a ball tests (r = 0.57). In conclusion, both walking a balance beam and pathway showed a relationship to coordination. Walking a balance beam successfully was also positively correlated with agility. However, the relationships between these two dynamic balance tests were not as high. Hence, walking a balance beam may be related to a different ability than what is needed to walk a pathway.