Departmental Bulletin Paper 幼児における動的平衡性テストおよび各種運動能力テスト間の関係

杉浦, 宏季  ,  Sugiura, Hiroki  ,  杉本, 寛恵  ,  Sugimoto, Hiroe

(46)  , pp.254 - 258 , 2016-07-21
This study examined the relationship between dynamic balance tests and various physical fitness tests in preschool children. The subjects were 22 preschool children (age, 5.0+0.4years; height, 107.3+5.7cm; weight, 17.9+3.4 kg). Dynamic balance was assessed by walking the length of a balance beam several times (beam height, 30cm; width, 10cm; length, 200cm) and walking a pathway (width, 10cm; length, 200cm). Physical fitness was assessed with activities such as a 25-meter run, continuous bilateral hopping, upright hand standing, standing long jump, and catching a ball. Significant moderate or high correlations were found between the dynamic balance tests (r = 0.57), between walking the balance beam and continuous bilateral hopping tests (r = 0.47) and catching a ball tests (r = 0.71), and between walking a pathway and catching a ball tests (r = 0.57). In conclusion, both walking a balance beam and pathway showed a relationship to coordination. Walking a balance beam successfully was also positively correlated with agility. However, the relationships between these two dynamic balance tests were not as high. Hence, walking a balance beam may be related to a different ability than what is needed to walk a pathway.

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