Research Paper 幼児の認知判断能力を評価する新テスト開発 -危険回避行動がとれる運動遊びの提案にむけて-

横谷, 智久  ,  Yokoya, Tomohisa  ,  野口, 雄慶  ,  Noguchi, Takanori  ,  杉浦, 宏季  ,  Sugiura, Hiroki

In toddlers, exercise stimulation affects neurodevelopment. Neurodevelopment is very important at the time of risk avoidance because it also affects the quality of cognitive decision making. Here, this study aims to develop a new test to evaluate cognitive decision making in toddlers; based on the results, it aims to propose an effective exercise play to promote risk avoidance. To develop a highly practical and valid evaluation method for a test procedure that toddlers can easily understand, a measuring instrument (Takei Scientific Instruments-original model) for a game-like rock-paper-scissors test was produced. This instrument displays images of the hand signals for rock, paper, or scissors above a monitor and is able to measure the reaction time for toddlers to press a button on a monitor to the hundredth of a second. Cognitive decision making was evaluated based on the selection-reaction time.The selection-reaction time in toddlers (win condition, tie condition) and a seven-item physical fitness test were evaluated. The results showed a significant correlation between selection-reaction time (win condition) and basic motor skills (running, jumping, throwing).Risk-aversion behavior requires the development of cognitive decision making. Therefore, it is important to have an effective exercise that promotes risk avoidance and contains elements such as running, jumping, and throwing.Thus, we have proposed a paper-rock-scissors basket-goal game that includes the skills of running, jumping, and throwing, and it is presently being implemented at nursery schools and promoted via public awareness.

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