The relation between the self-regulation and evaluation of demand behavior in preschool children: A shift in demand behavior after the rejection of one’s request by another
鈴木, 智子Suzuki, Tomoko
91 , 2015-03-31 , 仁愛大学
The present study examined the relation between self-regulation and evaluation of demandingbehavior in preschool children, focusing on the shift in demanding behavior after their request isrejected by another child. In Study 1, 5-year-old children （N = 38） and 6-year-old children （N = 46）were asked to decide whether to change or keep their previous request in computer game tasks afterthe request was rejected by another child playing as an opponent. In Study 2, 6-year-old children （N= 123） participated in the same computer game tasks as in Study 1. Nursery school teachers rated thechildren on self-inhibition and self-assertion scales on a self-regulation questionnaire. For the dataanalysis, the children were divided into four types of self-regulation behavior according to their scoreson self-assertion and self-inhibition. The main results were as follows: （1） 6-year-old children tendedto decide on their demanding behavior by relying on the situation more than 5-year-old children did.（2） Children who scored high on self-inhibition and low on self-assertion decided what to do with theirrequest by relying on both the intensity of the rejection and the size of the reward.（ 3） Children whoscored low on self-inhibition and high on self-assertion decided what to do with their request by relyingonly on the size of the reward.（ 4） Children who scored high on both self-assertion and self-inhibitiondecided their demand behavior without relying on the situation.