||A Study regarding the Effectiveness of Care Programmes for Helping Postpartum Women Relax
35 , 2018-03-20 , 神奈川工科大学
Purpose : Postpartum women experience striking physical changes and are prone to mental and social stress. Fatigue accumulates from lack of sleep, and many women have difficulty relaxing during this period. Trying to relieve their physical condition, we introduced a proposed care programme and evaluated its effectiveness at relaxing these women, using autonomic nervous system activity and subjective indicators. Methods : Study Design: Uncontrolled intervention research. Subjects: Women undergoing regular postpartum process. Hypothesis 1 : HR, the indicator for parasympathetic nerve activity, decreases after introduction of the care programme, and HF (High-frequency), increases. Additionally, LF (Low-frequency) HF (High-frequency), the indicator for sympathetic nerve activity, decreases. Hypothesis 2 : Scores on the general emotional scale increases after introduction of the care programme. Analysis: The IBM SPSS statistics22 software was used for analysis. Results : Hypothesis 1 : In comparison to the values prior to the implementation of the care programme, HR, the parasympathetic nerve activity indicator, decreased, whilst HF increased. However, LF (Lowfrequency) / HF (High-frequency) , the sympathetic nerve activity indicator, did not decrease. Hypothesis 1 was partially verified, with the presence of parasympathetic nerve activity stimulation. Hypothesis 2 : In comparison to the values prior to the implementation of the care programme, standard emotion scores increased, confirming the expectations of Hypothesis 2. Conclusion and Consideration : The introduction of the care programme for postpartum women in this study did have a significant effect on the parasympathetic nervous system. However, no decrease in sympathetic nerve activity was observed. The significant increase in standard emotion scores from before to after the programme showed that, subjectively, the care programme helped the subjects relax. Implementation of this care programme for postpartum women stimulated their Parasympathetic nervous system and enabled subjective relaxation.