The perceptions and activities of the community residents participating in the Family Support Center Project
濵園 環寺井 孝弘
30 , 2018-03-20 , 神奈川工科大学
Background and aims : Many Japanese families are nuclear, young, and do not usually receive outside support. Moreover, relationships with the neighborhood are often weak. Therefore, mothers may have an increased child-rearing burden because they do not receive support from the outside community. In response, the Family Support Center Project has been undertaken to establish connections between mothers who wish to receive childcare support and community residents who are paid to provide such support. The purpose of this study was to clarify the perceptions and activities of the community residents participating in this project. Method : Semi-structured interviews with four community residents were conducted after consent to participate was obtained. Participants were asked about their concerns, worries, and activities for providing support to families with special needs. Each interview was recorded and responses were transcribed for analysis. Data were then classified into main categories and subcategories based on the results of our preliminary study. Results : This study obtained four main categories related to supporting families with special needs: 1) "Responsibility to realize the activities required to support families with special needs", 2) "Providing close support to the parent and child", 3) “Difficulties in compromising with the parent and child"; and 4) "Motivation to provide support". Conclusions : The study suggested that an educational program or system which enables community residents to provide childcare support that considers the child's safety and development is necessary.