Departmental Bulletin Paper 硬い表現とは何か : 「余儀なくされる」「禁じ得ない」を中心に

黒﨑, 佐仁子

  This study aims to investigate when and where katai (formal or bookish) expressions are used. The study describes the results of two studies: 1) what kinds of grammar do the three JLPT exercise books denote as katai expressions? and 2) what kind of media are yoginakusareru and kinjienai used in? The first study shows that yoginakusareru and kinjienai are katai expressions, while the second study describes their usage in various language corpora such as the Diet records and newspapers. In conclusion, each JLPT exercise book designates a different grammar point as a katai expression. Moreover, yoginakusareru and kinjienai are used in different situations.

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