This study concerns the semantic functions and grammatical features of 'ZHE' and 'TE IRU' and is an attempt to investigate their similarities and differences. 'ZHE' is used for adnominal clauses to relate to locations, but is also acceptable if the the location is not stated explicitly. Both binomial and polynomial use is possible, including simultaneous actions. In addition, it can also indicate both dynamic and static states in a 'modifier' + 'modified' structure. In contrast, 'TE IRU' is not used to relate to locations and only allows binomial use with relation to the following clause in a 'modifier' + 'modified' structure.