Departmental Bulletin Paper グローバル人材育成のための教科開発に関する一提案 -各教科の特色を活かした教育の視点から-
Development to Foster the Global Human Resource Project: Benefits from the Characteristic of Each Subject

稲葉, みどり

3pp.159 - 167 , 2015-03-31 , 愛知教育大学大学院・静岡大学大学院教育学研究科 共同教科開発学専攻
本稿では、グローバル人材の資質・能力の育成を教科教育の中でどのように培うかを考える。中等・高等教育機関で各教科、専門分野に携わる10 名の教員に1) グローバル人材とはどのような資質を持つ人か、2)学校教育の中で培うべくグローバル人材の資質・能力は何か、3)各教科、専門分野の立場からグローバル人材の育成にどのような役割が果たせるかに関する意識について調査した。教員からは、グローバル人材の資質・能力に関する様々な考え方、及び、各教科の特色を活かしたグローバル人材育成教育等、示唆に富んだ回答が得られた。ここでは、それらの中から英語科教育、技術科教育、音楽科教育、体育科教育、幼児教育、特別支援教育に関するものを選び、教育の構想、指導内容、具体的な方策等を一試案として提示した。そして、各教科に内在する「グローバル要素」を見つけ、それを明確化してシラバスの中に位置づけるとともに、教育実践を通じて得られた知見を構築し、さらなる深化・進化に向けて再構築を繰り返していくという手順をグローバル社会のニーズに応える新しい教科開発の方向の1 つとして提案する。
The purpose of this study is to explore how to foster the development of the Global Human Resource Project (MEXT, 2011) in connection with school subjects, such as English, music, technology and physical education, as well as in early education and special education. The questionnaire was devised to collect ideas and opinions about the qualities and capabilities required for the Global Human Resource Project as well as about methods for practicing education in each field of study. The subjects for the questionnaire are ten in-service teachers in middle schools and in higher education in Japan. The in-service teachers presented incisive ideas and methods. Those in the field of English education proposed that students benefit from the cognitive linguistic approach of language learning through developed competence in cross-cultural communication, multipolar comprehension, and flexible thinking adaptable to situations. Those in technology education proposed that students can learn the importance of teamwork, cooperation and problem-solving abilities through making the kinds of products created in technology education. Cooperation towards a goal of creating something allows students to share in the well-known enjoyment of a finished product. This sense of achievement is an important element to facilitating students' studies. For teachers of music education, exposure to music of different cultures allows students to appreciate different values and promotes mutual understanding. It also allows students to understand the value of Japanese traditional music. In physical education, students learn teamwork, decision-making abilities, and consensus-making ability by playing various sports. In early education, it is important to develop children's language and communication abilities because it plays a role in their creating good relationships with others. Teachers of special education proposed the widespread implementation of universal design classes in order to enhance the understanding of all children. The major role of the subject development for foster global human resource is to identify a ‘global element’ internalized in each subject, to create a syllabus clarified it, and to construct a theory through practice.

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