Journal Article Behavior of copper contamination on backside damage for ultra-thin silicon three dimensional stacking structure

水島, 賢子  ,  mizushima, yoriko  ,  YOUNGSUK, KIM  ,  Youngsuk, Kim  ,  中村, 友二  ,  Nakamura, Tomoji  ,  上殿, 明良  ,  Uedono, Akira  ,  大場, 隆之  ,  Ohba, Takayuki

167pp.23 - 31 , 2017-01 , ELSEVIER
Bumpless interconnects and ultra-thinning of 300 mm wafers for three-dimensional stacking technology have been studied. In our previous work, thinning effects using device wafers < 10 μm thick were reported. No degradation occurred in the retention time even in a 4-μm-thick DRAM wafer. In this study, the behavior of Cu contamination on a < 3-μm-thick DRAM wafer was investigated. The wafer was thinned down by coarse (#320 grit size) grinding and fine (#2000 grit size) grinding. This thinning condition had 200-nm-thick ground damage remaining for the gettering effect. The DRAM wafer was intentionally contaminated with Cu on the damaged layer, and 250 °C-60 min of heating was carried out during adhesive bonding and de-bonding. Degradation in the device characteristics was found. However, the analytical results indicated that the Cu did not diffuse into the thin Si. Thus, a Cu contaminated blanket wafers having a damaged layer were prepared and annealed until 1000 °C-30 min. Secondary ion mass spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy and positron annihilation spectroscopy were evaluated. The Cu was trapped in the vacancy-type defects of the 200 nm damaged layer until a 700 °C anneal. After an 800 °C anneal, the Cu was eliminated on the damaged surface because of the Si recrystallization. The gettering ability of the damaged layer is suitable for 3D multi-level stacking regarding thermal stability.

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