Journal Article 空間体験に基づいた心地よいシークエンスの身体的な図式の表現方法に関する研究

福田, 隼登  ,  Fukuda, Hayato  ,  藤井, 晴行  ,  Fujii, Haruyuki

81 ( No. 724 )  , pp.1281 - 1290 , 2016-06
The objective of this study is to represent graphically the structure underlying and forming our experience of walking around traditional Japanese gardens. Particularly, we pay attention to the spatial schema that gives meanings to physical formation of the elements composing the gardens and the person who experiences them. We propose a method of schematizing the characteristics of the experience of space. In this paper, a schema does not mean a drawing or a description but a frame in our consciousness, and we assume that people should perceive things through their schemata. By extracting the schemata of cozy garden sequences of that landscape, we would like to find out how we understand our experiences through the schemata we have about the gardens. Moreover we wish our study can be useful to design the cozy space by applying the schemata extracted from gardens to other space designs, such as building designs and urban designs, not only garden designs. The summary of the research method of schematizing is as followed: First, we experienced some cozy places, took still pictures and motion pictures in our experience, and made narratives describing what we can feel there and how it related our body as well as consciousness to the key elements organizing the space . We grouped the narratives by KJ method and make sentences of each group. We assume that these sentences represent the schemata of cozy space sequences of landscape. Then we make two rules in order to represent schemata graphically from sentences by using kinethetic image schemata which is proposed by George Lakoff. One rule is to separate sentences into several scenes. Finally, we represent each scene by graphic figure (Rule-1). The other one is to adapt words to kinethetic image schemata (Rule-2). The following results were obtained: First, we experienced 9 gardens, and made 31 narratives. Then we grouped the narratives by KJ method and made sentences of each group. Finally, we applied the Rule-1 and Rule-2 to sentences of each group, and we represented each sentences by graphic figures. I ascertained that the extracted schema could make us be conscious about the next scene when we experience the new space. In conclusion, we represented the characteristic of the experience of space as a nuclear schema and ascertained the effectiveness of the schema.

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