Journal Article Crystalline/Amorphous Si Integrated Optical Couplers for 2D/3D Interconnection

伊東, 憲人  ,  Itou, Kazuto  ,  久能, 雄輝  ,  Kuno, Yuki  ,  林, 侑介  ,  Hayashi, Yuusuke  ,  鈴木, 純一  ,  Suzuki, Junichi  ,  北條, 直也  ,  Hojo, Naoya  ,  雨宮, 智宏  ,  Amemiya, Tomohiro  ,  西山, 伸彦  ,  Nishiyama, Nobuhiko  ,  荒井, 滋久  ,  ARAI, SHIGEHISA

The in-plane and interlayer waveguide-type couplers between crystalline Si and amorphous-Si:H wire waveguides, for 2D/3D hybrid-material integration are presented in this paper. The in-plane–type coupler achieves stable coupling between two waveguides by using tapers located at the tips of the waveguides. The interlayer-type coupler can connect two waveguides, despite an interlayer distance of 1 μm, with a simple process flow, by introducing a trident structure. An experiment was conducted in which the in-plane and interlayer-type couplers realized low coupling losses (coupling efficiencies) of 0.16 dB (96%) and 0.49 dB (89%) per coupler, respectively.
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