Journal Article Metal Nanostructures Fabricated by the Difference of Interfacial Energy at a Dielectric/Metal Interface

龍野, 俊直  ,  Tatsuno, Toshinao  ,  岡本, 隆之  ,  Okamoto, Takayuki  ,  江崎, 智太郎  ,  Ezaki, Tomotarou  ,  磯部, 敏宏  ,  Isobe, Toshihiro  ,  中島, 章  ,  Nakajima, Akira  ,  松下, 祥子  ,  Matsushita, Sachiko

Description
Due to its high sensitivity to changes in the environmental dielectric constant, localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) is utilized for various sensing materials. However, because of this high sensitivity, it is difficult to detect a specific substance among mixed materials. Here, we enhanced the size selectivity using a metal nanostructure. By preparing a cup-like metal nanostructure that is the same size as a virus, this cup-like structure may be able to capture a virus, and thus the LSPR characteristics would change. This phenomenon would not occur for larger materials, such as animal cells, i.e., this cup-like structure may have selectivity for material size. In this paper, we fabricated metal nanocups out of two-dimensional colloidal crystals by exploiting the difference of interfacial energy at a dielectric/metal interface. The size selectivity and plasmon characteristics of the fabricated metal nanocups were investigated with model viruses, i.e., virus-like polystyrene (PSt) nanoparticles with almost the same dielectric constant and size as a virus. As a result, the transmission spectra show a 20-nm red shift in the visible light range before and after adsorption of the model virus. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), optical microscope, UV-Vis spectrometry and contact angle measurement results are also discussed.

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