||自ら学ぶ意欲を育てる生徒指導の実践的研究 : 自ら考える力を育てるための問題解決学習の改善を通して
A practical study of student guidance to learn by themselves : Through the improvement of the problem-solving learning to cultivate their ability to think by themselves
22 , 2016-12 , 広島国際学院大学
According to the Student Instruction Epitome （MEXT,2010,pp.24） ,“ it is necessary for students to have their own goal and tasks toward their learning, and to cultivate their abilities and attitudes to autonomously think, make a judgement, and take action to solve problems.” This means that it is essential to conduct Problem-Solving Learning such as inquiry learning and discovery learning. However, Hamayasu （2015） points out that the problems with Problem-Solving Leaning is that although students tend to conduct experiments with their interests, they tend not to have fun in the process of doing the experiment or solving problems, such as expecting the results, giving the reasons of the result expectations, or thinking about the method of the research. This means that it is necessary to improve Problem-Solving Learning through the use of meaningful learning activities. Therefore, in order to conduct research on students’ attitude toward science and conduct meaningful Problem-Solving Learning with a sense of purpose, we developed three areas for improving Problem-Solving Learning: （1） the process of effective introductions, （2） the process of how to develop Problem-Solving Learning, and （3） the process of making students apply their acquired knowledge to the problem-solving learning. Also, we conducted an experimental class to verify the effects of these variables.