||中国南部内陸農村における農家労働力の流出と農民層分解 : 重慶市農村を事例として
Inland Farming Class Differentiation and Labor Outflow : A Case study of a Southern China Village
39 , 2015-12 , 広島国際学院大学
We reviewed the actual state of farmers’labor outflow and the class differentiation of farmers in Y district in Chongqing City, an inland farming village in the intermediate area that was neither a suburb nor a frontier in southern China, since the latter half of the 1980s. As regards labor outflow, it was revealed that after initially working away from home alone or with one’s sibling, followed by working away from home with one’s wife or husband or with parent（s） or child（ren）, whole family migration ensued widely in the first half of the 2010s. In such a situation, while accepting the labor outflow and the consequent increase in the provision of farmland use rights, upper-class farms have been expected to continue farming in their respective areas. However, even the largest farms have only as small as about 7,000 ㎡ of farmland per household, depend on a fragile agricultural labor and labor means, and barely manage to thrive with severe underestimation of family labor cost. Needless to say, farms from other classes are dependent on even smaller land and even more fragile agricultural labor and labor means. As a whole, the system of securing people who play a key role in agriculture has not been sufficiently advanced. With this as the background, 37% of the allocated arable land area in the surveyed village had been abandoned and food supply base had been progressively undermined.