||「拡大化された名詞」 ― 英語教育における一方法論としての提言 ―
“Enlarged Nouns” : a Suggestion for the Teaching of English at University
119 , 2017-02 , 広島工業大学
This paper reports our new approach in reading English through the concept of“ enlarged nouns.” We held a reading circle of an English text with about 10 people, including students, staff members, and teachers, as an extracurricular activity in the Fall semester of 2015, basically once a week after school. The text was What is Freedom written by Bertrand Russell in 1952 prepared for liberal arts education at university level with notes in Japanese. Although grammatical structures of sentences are not so complicated,“ nouns” which constitute subjects or objectives, etc., are usually long and very difficult for students to understand to identify in a sentence. Rich concepts, often abstract and requiring general knowledge of historical backgrounds and social conditions, are condensed with embellishments or quantifiers into a noun. The effect of our new way of explaining and analyzing English sentences through the concept of“ enlarged nouns” was successful for our case.