Journal Article 集団防衛同盟としての西欧連合防衛機構(WUDO)の意義と限界 : 英米の戦略的視点から
Contributions and Limits of Western Union Defence Organization (WUDO) as a Collective Defense Alliance : A Perspective from Strategies of the United States (U.S.) and the United Kingdom (U.K.)


21pp.13 - 31 , 2015-11-30 , 広島市立大学国際学部
This article reports research results on the developmental process of both the Western Union Defence Organization (WUDO) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) during the early Cold War period. NATO transformed itself into a large peacetime military organization from 1949 to 1955. It is important, however, to note that NATO was not intended to become such a large military organization when the North Atlantic Treaty (NAT) was signed in April 1949.13;Investigating WUDO, this article provides new evidence and insights on a collective defense organization based on archival research in the United States (U.S.) and the United Kingdom (U.K.). The article finds that WUDO, not NAT, had vigorously developed its military organization until the end of 1948, but the development stagnated soon after. This research also discovers that the U.S. government had not intended to develop NAT into a large military organization before the Korean War occurred. Rather, it intended that Western European countries would build their own defense system as much as possible without American military commitment. Focusing on the developmental process of WUDO, the article reveals why WUDO did not make progress from 1949 and what constraints WUDO faced.

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