Burke: The First Continental Congress and Speech on Conciliation with America
27 , 2015-12 , 広島文化学園大学社会情報学部
This paper is intended to comprise part of my study on Arguments on American Problem by Edmund Burke, and after making observations on the convening of the First Continental Congress and the subsequent responses of British Government, focusing on Burke’s Speech on Conciliation with America (1775), I reviewed the significance and content of his discourse.
Burke vigorously grappled with American Problem from the time of the Stamp Act Crisis, and the most difficult issue which bothered his head was the balance between the sovereignty of Britain and the liberties of American colonies. In this point Speech on Conciliation with America is intended to summarize his own thoughts, he argued for a return to the system before 1763 and abolition of the Coercive Acts. The essential of the argument was that he grasped enactment of the Sugar Act as innovation, and he urged conciliation and concession as the British Government was to be blamed for the American Crisis. At that time Burke avoided abstract principles and made specific and concrete proposals relying on the ＇past’, and I concluded that such an agreement anticipated his main work, Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790).