地方郡部(離島・中山間地域)の高校生の地域移動志向に関する研究序説 -島根県魅力化高校の高校生の都鄙移動とライフコースに注目して-地方郡部(離島・中山間地域)の高校生の地域移動志向に関する研究序説 -島根県魅力化高校の高校生の都鄙移動とライフコースに注目して-AN10423686 Quantitative Research on Intention of Senior High School Students in Rural Areas in Japan on Feature Movement among Regions
This study quantitatively examined what senior high school students in rural areas (mountainous areas and isolated islands) consider moving between their home towns and cities in their careers. Rural areas historically have been supplying human resources to cities and now are suffering from depopulation. Tackling the matters of ongoing depopulation of rural areas will give us tips to solve coming issues of Japanese population reduction society. Now the schools in Shimane prefecture, which is the most depopulated area in Japan, are trying to develop education system intending to nurture local human resources who contributes to their home towns. In research areas, mountainous areas and isolated islands in Shimane prefecture, almost all the students leave their towns after they graduate from senior high schools. However, there are often cases that they leave their home towns although they do not want to. This study reveals type of students who tends to move between their home towns, and timings and intensions behind their migrations. Findings are as follows. In general, many students have an intention to leave their home town at the age of 18, after they graduate from senior high schools, and go back to the town at their later stages of their life. The ratio of the students who want to go back to town monotonically increase in accordance with the stages of age. About 60% of them desire to go back after the age of 60. Male students have stronger needs to stay at cities at every stage of age compared to that of female students. The difference of both is highest at the age of 25 but is decreasing at later stages of age. Students highly achieved at schools tends to have an intention to go back to towns at later stages of age. The highly achieved at first try to get out of the towns more but go back to the towns more and more at later stages of age in comparison to the low achieved.