Departmental Bulletin Paper 〈Original Papers〉Interdependence, Institutions and Smart Power: Obama's Neoliberal Foreign Policy in a Neoliberal World

RAMIREZ, Carlos

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(Abstract) The fall of the Berlin Wall has ushered in a neoliberal world order characterized by the rise of a number of powerful state and non-state actors. The fundamental liberal principles of the old Post World War II order remain the same including open trade, support for the rule of law and a commitment to human rights. However, financial and technology revolutions have transformed the global order in that multiple actors now have numerous channels to interact with each other. This paper argues, given this new global order, that the neoliberal theoretical framework and its respective policies tools adopted by the Obama administration are appropriate. The main tenets of the neoliberal framework and its policy instruments as outlined here are interdependence, institutions and smart power. Neoliberal theory contends that the agenda of analysis for international relations has expanded far beyond the narrow confines of security policy to fields such as economics, environment, health and sociocultural interchange. In fact, the impact of these areas on security policy, particularly in a context of high interdependence, has substantially diminished the value of hard power as a foreign policy tool. Obama has recognized the changing nature of the global order and adopted the use of economic interdependence, institutions and smart power to modify the behavior of other states. The main challenge confronting the United States is to retain its central role within the neoliberal order while managing the peaceful rise of other states.
専攻: 異文化コミュニケーション・国際関係
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