Departmental Bulletin Paper 〈Original Papers〉大学で学びたい英語に関する一考察--遺伝子工学科1年生のアンケート調査より

長谷川, 由美

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[要旨]近畿大学生物理工学部で平成26年度4月より始まった新カリキュラムには, 旧カリキュラムと比較すると, より多くの理系英語の要素が取り入れられている. 新カリキュラムのもとで学ぶ1年生が, 大学でどのような英語能力を身につけることが大切であると思っているのか, また, 今後, 学ぶ機会が増える理系英語に対してどのように思っているのかについて, 生物理工学部遺伝子工学科の1年生を対象にアンケート調査を行った. その結果, プレースメントテストとして実施しているG-TELPの成績が上位グループの学生と下位グループの学生間において, 統計的な相違点は見られなかったが, いくつかの特徴的な傾向が見られた. 両グループの学生は一般英語と理系英語の双方に関心を持っているが, どちらかといえば上位グループの学生は理系英語に, 下位グループの学生は一般英語により関心があることがわかった. また, 上位グループの学生はリーディングが, 下位グループの学生はスピーキングが大切だと考えている傾向がみられた. 両グループの多くの学生が英語関連の資格や大学院入試のための英語は大切であると考えているが, 下位グループの学生は, 特に大学院入試のための英語が「非常に大切である」と考えている. 本調査の結果が今後のカリキュラムやテキスト選定時の参考資料の一部となればと考えている.                    [Abstract]The new curriculum started in April, 2014 at the Faculty of Biology-Oriented Science and Technology at Kinki University has adopted more science English than the previous one had. A questionnaire to the first-year students at the Department of Genetic Engineering was conducted to research what kind of English ability they would like to gain and whether they needed to learn science English, which they would encounter more often in their futures. All the respondents were divided into three groups depending on G-TELP scores, and only the students in the upper one third of the survey group and ones in the bottom one third of the survey group were selected as the subjects of this study. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups, but there are some different tendencies for each group. Most of the students in both the bottom one third and the upper one third groups were interested in studying science English, but those in the upper one third group preferred science English and those in the bottom one third group were interested in general English. The students in both groups would like to learn English in order to obtain certification, for example, for taking TOEIC and for passing graduate school exams. The students in the bottom one third group thought studying English for graduate school exams was very important especially. The students in the upper one third group thought that reading ability was very important in the categories of "general English", "science English" and "specific English skills". On the other hand, those in the bottom one third group had a tendency to think speaking ability was important. The results of this research could serve as a reference for deciding textbooks or curriculum, and it is necessary to continue to consider the English education program at the Faculty of Biology-Oriented Science and Technology, Kinki University.
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