Departmental Bulletin Paper 人は死によって無と化すのか ―自分における「このもの性」の形而上学―
Does man become nothing by death? The metaphysics of one’s own haecceity

新山, 喜嗣  ,  NIIYAMA, Yoshitsugu

Death usurps from man all attributes attached to a human being. This may seem to imply that man becomes a complete non-existence upon death. However, even if all attributes relating to life are taken away by death, some attributes, such as "being an individual", "being a subject that possesses its own nature", and "being self-identical" remain. These groups of attributes form one’s own haecceity as a human. Therefore, human death can be considered an incomplete non-existence that still possesses haecceity that remains from life. However, the incomplete non-existence of death does not possess any attributes, including time and space attributes, other than this haecceity. Therefore, the incomplete non-existence of death does not occupy a fixed location on a space-time coordinate system, and can only be said to exist "somewhere". Furthermore, the incomplete non-existence of death does not have any identifiable signs. Given this, our recognition cannot accurately identify the incomplete non-existence of death; only the proper name of the deceased can identify this incomplete non-existence, however slightly, independently of our recognition.

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