紀要論文 低出生体重児の摂食における問題と支援に関する検討(その1) ― 保育園児を対象とした「気になる食べ方」調査 ―
Problems with and support for the feeding of low-birth-weight infants (Part 1): A survey of “concerning eating styles” in nursery school pupils

照井, 菜央子  ,  平元, 泉  ,  新井, 浩和  ,  TERUI, Naoko  ,  HIRAMOTO, Izumi  ,  ARAI, Hirokazu

内容記述
保育所において保育士が摂食について「気になる」子どもの実態を明らかにすることを目的とした.A県B市内の私立・公立の認可保育所47か所の1歳児・2歳児・3歳児・4歳児・5歳児クラスの担当保育士220名を対象に質問紙調査を実施した.「食べ方が気になる子ども」は3,481名中231名(6.6%)で,出生体重2,500g未満の割合が高かった.「食べ方が気になる項目」21項目を背景別に比較した結果,年齢によって,「食べ方が気になる項目」の問題が異なることが明らかになった.出生体重2,500g 未満,在胎週数37週未満の子どもの方が,「食べ方が気になる項目」の割合が高いことから,低出生体重児は,摂食に関する問題が潜在するという示唆を得た.
The objective of this study was for nursery school teachers to shed light on the actual situation of children at nursery schools with “concerning eating styles”. We surveyed by questionnaire 220 nursery school teachers responsible for classes of 1- to 5-year-old children at 47 different private and public licensed nursery schools in B City of A Prefecture. Teachers identified 231 of 3,481 children (6.6%) as having “a concerning eating style” and children with a birth weight of less than 2,500 g accounted for a large proportion of these 231 children. When the children were compared for 21 “items related to a concerning eating style” according to their background, problems with “items related to a concerning eating style” were found to differ depending on age. Children with a birth weight of less than 2,500 g and born at fewer than 37 weeks’ gestation had a higher proportion of “items related to a concerning eating style,” our date suggested that low-birth-weight infants have potential problems with feeding.
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