紀要論文 高い識見をもつ市民を育てる社会科授業の指導過程
Teaching procedure cultivating students' deep insight as citizens in social studies classes

丸山, 琢磨  ,  MARUYAMA, Takuma

内容記述
変化の激しい時代にあって,特にグローバル化の進展とAI(人工知能)の急激な進化は,目に見えて著しい.その時代の流れ中で,よりよい人生を送るためには,一人の人間として社会・世界とどう向き合い,関わり,生きて行くのか,本当に真剣に考えていかなければならない時に来ている.またそれは,どのように学ぶかで大きくその支柱となる資質・能力の質が異なってくる.社会科の使命は,これからの社会を支え,日本が世界に貢献して国際社会の信頼を得るため,一人の識見の高い市民を育てることであると考える.本論文では,特に「どのように学ぶか」に焦点化して,見通しの見えない世界の動向に少しでも希望をもたらそうとする市民を育てる社会科授業の指導過程について,これまでの筆者の実践を踏まえて考察する.
The next course of study puts emphasis on the deep learning which cultivate students' subjective attitude to the study and think deeply about the aim of the class with dialogue-oriented activities. The most important competences which students acquire through the learning process like above is how to make their own lives better through the better connection with the world. I have tried to create classes which students themselves make their efforts to generate the learning subjects in each class and attempt to solve the problems and find the answers to the subjects such as everyday life challenging questions through the collaborative study among the students. I believe that it is essential that teachers give students more and more opportunities to have discussion and debates for sharing and developing their ideas. Especially, "the deep active learning" activities provided in the latter half of each class enhance the perspectives of students towards social studies. With such an approach, the competences needed for the next generation will be available. Therefore, it is necessary for teachers to engage in the elaborate study of teaching materials which enables them to have students recognize how it relates with the society they are living in and, as a result, to have them give a proper and well-considered judgement to the social phenomena.
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