Departmental Bulletin Paper クラウド型授業支援システムを活用した授業実践について
On the lesson practices utilized cloud type class support system

高橋, 猛  ,  林, 良雄  ,  TAKAHASHI, Takeshi  ,  HAYASHI, Yoshio

Description
今日,教育の情報化が進められている.1人1台へのハードウェアの環境整備は,海外と比較すると遅れているが,秋田県内でも八峰町や秋田市をはじめとして徐々にその波が広がりつつある.しかし,教育の情報化の目的は単に児童にICTを使わせるためではなく,ICTの特徴を生かして,教科の理解を深めることである.この目的に沿った使い方をするためには個々の教員がICTの特徴を理解し,その効果を最大化することができるよう,十分授業実践する必要がある.本論文では附属小学校で現在行っているICTを活用した授業実践と児童への効果について報告する.実践環境は電子黒板,タブレットPC,無線LANであるが,それに加えて,情報共有が簡単にできる授業支援システムを取り入れた.この授業支援システム(おまかせ教室)はクラウド型のもので,サーバーの管理が不要であり,教員の負担を最小限におさめることができる.ただし,常に外部との通信が生じるので,PCとネット環境にかなり依存することが予想された.そのため,タブレットPCや無線LANの調整とともに,別途光回線を用意することで,支障なく利用できるように整備した.4月から12月まで授業実践を行ったのち,児童へのアンケート調査を行なった.その結果,タブレットPCを使った授業は楽しいと思う児童がほとんどであり,ICT機器を活用して表現する力が身についたこと,児童はみんなの資料(意見)を見るために,授業支援システムは役に立ったと感じたことなど,ICTを活用した授業が児童の「関心・意欲・態度」の向上,「表現力」の向上に寄与し,アクティブ・ラーニングにも有効であろうと思われる知見が得られた.
"Digitization of education is pushed forward today. Though maintaining environment with one for one falls behind the foreign country, The wave of Digitization of education is spreading through Akita including Happo town and Akita city by little and little. However, the purpose of the digitization of the education is not not to let merely child spend ICT but is to deepen the understanding of the subject by a characteristic of the ICT. To do how to use along this purpose, it is necessary for an individual teacher needs to understand a characteristic of the ICT and to put in lesson practice maximize the effect to maximize the effect. In this paper, we report the school lesson and learning with ICT practicing at elementary school attached to Akita University and the influence of it. The practice environment was an electronic blackboards, tablet PC’s, wireless LAN, in addition took in the class support system which information sharing could simplify. This class support system(Omakase-kyoshitu)is the one of the cloud type, and management of a server is unnecessary, and it's possible to put teacher's burden in a minimum. But, data communication with outside the school always formed, so performance depends on the net environment fairly was expected. Therefore we set up tablet PC’s and wireless LAN and we maintained it to use it without a trouble by preparing an optical line separately. After having practiced classes from April to December, we performed the questionary survey to children. The following results were obtained: There were a lot of children who thought that the class using the tablet PC was interesting, Children developed an ability to express their opinion, The child felt that they were useful for the class support system to watch the document (opinion) of all. This means that the school lesson and learning with ICT contributs improvement of interest, will, manner and expressive power and It'll be also effective in active learning."
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