紀要論文 義務教育学校設立初年度における取組に関する一考察 -経営資源の有効活用と教育課程の編成に関する現状と課題-
A Study on the Effort by the Compulsory Education School in Its First Year : Focusing on the Current Situation and the Challenges Related to Curriculum Organization and Effective Utilization of Management Resource

田仲, 誠祐  ,  古内, 一樹  ,  廣嶋, 徹  ,  関谷, 美佳子  ,  千葉, 圭子  ,  神居, 隆  ,  細川, 和仁  ,  浦野, 弘  ,  鎌田, 信  ,  三浦, 亨  ,  奥, 瑞生  ,  TANAKA, Seiyu  ,  FURUUCHI, Kazuki  ,  HIROSHIMA, Toru  ,  SEKIYA, Mikako  ,  CHIBA, Keiko  ,  KAMII, Takashi  ,  HOSOKAWA, Kazuhito  ,  URANO, Hiroshi  ,  KAMADA, Shin  ,  MIURA, Toru  ,  OKU, Mizuo

内容記述
小中一貫教育を推進する上で検討を要する課題について,2016年度に東北地方に開設された義務教育学校の現状及び取組を調査した.その結果,学校設立の契機,地域の合意形成の経緯にそれぞれ特徴はあるものの,両校とも,ふるさとを核とした教育活動の推進,子どもの発達や学びの連続性を踏まえた4-3-2の学年段階の区切り,中期段階からの教科担任制,コミュニティスクールとしての地域密着型の学校づくりといった点で特色ある取組がみられた.人事面の課題としては,教職員定数・教員配置の問題に加え人的資源の弾力的活用のための校長裁量権に一層の拡大が求められること,教職員の意識については,小学校・中学校の文化の違いは単なる阻害要因ではなく,9年間一貫の新たな学校文化創出のための重要な契機となりうることを明らかにした.
The author examined the current situation and the effort by the two compulsory education schools opened in the Tohoku region in the 2016 academic year to find out the issues to be discussed when going ahead with the educational continuity from primary through early secondary levels. Results revealed that distinctive initiatives such as promotion of place-and community-based education, setting three units according to grade level(grade1-4, 5-7, 8-9)based on the developmental stage of children and continuity of learning, subject-based teacher assignments starting from the middle stage and developing community-based schools as Community Schools were found at both schools although each school has its own characteristics like what was the background of the establishment of the school or how they built consensus among community residents. Results also revealed that more discretion should be given to a school principal to utilize human resourses flexibly and to improve the staffing levels of teachers and other personnel. With regard to teachers' consciousness, results revealed that cultural gap between elementary school teachers and junior high school teachers can be an important opportunity to create a new school culture of consistent nine-year period rather than an obstructive factor.
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