We report how Norway is addressing various challenges posed by globalization through education. In particular, we focus on how the concept of “citizenship” is embodied in educational curricula. We draw on the information from the interviews conducted at several educational institutions in Norway in March 2017. We discovered the elements of citizenship education in various cases, i.e. human rights and multicultural studies with the emphasis on ethics, international environment and development studies with critical political viewpoints, social studies teaching with the visualization of politics in human society, and a national ESD (Education for Sustainable Development) program. We derived implications to introduce and enhance the concept and practices of citizenship education at Japanese universities.