Journal Article Analysis of Thermal Demagnetization Behavior of Nd–Fe–B Sintered Magnets Using Magnetic Domain Observation

Takezawa, Masaaki  ,  Ikeda, Soichiro  ,  Morimoto, Yuji  ,  Kabashima, Hisayuki

6 ( 5 )  , p.056021 , 2016-03-11 , AIP Publishing
We used magnetic domain observation to statistically observe the thermal demagnetization behavior of Nd–Fe–B sinteredmagnets at elevated temperatures up to 150 °C. Simultaneous magnetization reversal in a hundred adjacent grains occurred at 90 °C because of the magnetic interaction among the grains beyond grain boundaries in the Dysprosium (Dy)-free low-coercivity magnet. Conversely, simultaneous magnetization reversal in a hundred grains did not occur in the Dy-added high-coercivity magnets, and the demagnetizing ratio steadily increased with temperature. Furthermore, the addition of Dy induced high thermal stability by eliminating the simultaneous thermal demagnetization, which was caused by the magnetic interaction among the grains.

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