Journal Article Energy-Efficient Resource Allocation for D2D Communications Underlaying Cloud-RAN-Based LTE-A Networks

ZHOU, Zhenyu  ,  DONG, Mianxiong  ,  OTA, Kaoru  ,  WANG, Guojun  ,  YANG, Laurence T.

3 ( 3 )  , pp.428 - 438 , 2016-06 , IEEE
Device-to-device (D2D) communication is a key enabler to facilitate the realization of the Internet of Things (IoT). In this paper, we study the deployment of D2D communications as an underlay to long-term evolution-advanced (LTE-A) networks based on novel architectures such as cloud radio access network (C-RAN). The challenge is that both energy efficiency (EE) and quality of service (QoS) are severely degraded by the strong intracell and intercell interference due to dense deployment and spectrum reuse. To tackle this problem, we propose an energy-efficient resource allocation algorithm through joint channel selection and power allocation design. The proposed algorithm has a hybrid structure that exploits the hybrid architecture of C-RAN: distributed remote radio heads (RRHs) and centralized baseband unit (BBU) pool. The distributed resource allocation problem is modeled as a noncooperative game, and each player optimizes its EE individually with the aid of distributed RRHs. We transform the nonconvex optimization problem into a convex one by applying constraint relaxation and nonlinear fractional programming. We propose a centralized interference mitigation algorithm to improve the QoS performance. The centralized algorithm consists of an interference cancellation technique and a transmission power constraint optimization technique, both of which are carried out in the centralized BBU pool. The achievable performance of the proposed algorithm is analyzed through simulations, and the implementation issues and complexity analysis are discussed in detail.

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